Mangrove is a type of forest growing along tidal mudflats ang along shallow water coastal areas extending inland along rivers, streams and their tributaries where the water is generally brackish.
Ecological And Economic Benefits/Functions
- Mangroves provide nursery grounds for fish, prawns and crabs, and supports fisheries production in coastal waters.
- Mangroves produce leaf litter and detrital matter, which are valuable sources of food for animals in estuaries and coastal waters.
- Mangroves protect the environment by protecting coastal areas and communities from storm surges, waves, tidal currents and typhoons.
- Mangroves produce organic biomass (carbon) and reduce organic pollution in nearshore areas by trapping or absorption.
- Mangroves serves as recreational grounds for bird watching and observation of other wildlife.
- Mangroves are a good source of wood and timber and nipa shingles for housing materials, firewood and charcoal, and of poles for fish traps.
- Conversion of mangroves to fishponds and salt beds.
- Reclamation of mangrove areas for various developments (such as piers, housing projects, airports, etc.)
- Pollution and siltation
- Dikes and structures obstructing waterways and tidal foundation.
- Disturbance due to gleaning, fish landing, etc.
Indirect (Natural phenomenon)
- Pests (diseases)
- Sea level rise due to global warming causing polar ice cap to melt